Keystone Law


Public law comprises constitutional law, administrative law, tax law and criminal law. The relationship between the state and individuals is inherently unbalanced since the state makes decisions designed to regulate how individuals behave. However, the rule of law doctrine means authorities may only act within the law and must obey the law. A citizen is therefore entitled to challenge the actions of the state through judicial review. A person to whom the authority of another, who is called the constituent, is by him lawfully delegated.

A deputy is usually a family member or someone who knows the person well. A deputy can make decisions about someone’s personal welfare, property and financial affairs. Before 1 October 2007, it was possible to make an enduring power of attorney to manage someone’s property or financial affairs.

They can do this at any time, whether you have lost mental capacity or not. You must make an LPA whilst you’re still able to make decisions for yourself. You should choose the person who you want to look after your affairs very carefully. The person you choose to look after your affairs is called an attorney. See under heading General rules about power of attorney for more information about this.

A health and welfare LPA gives your attorney the power to make decisions about your daily routine , medical care, moving into a care home and life-sustaining medical treatment. If you’re aged 18 or older and have the mental ability to make financial, property and medical decisions for yourself, you can arrange for someone else to make these decisions for you in the future. At Aliant® we combine our international law expertise with our knowledge of local law and our local connections to service clients whose businesses or personal lives span multiple countries. Tax law involves contentious and non-contentious work such as tax planning or litigation relating to compliance with tax laws.

Enduring Power of Attorney EPA

If you lose mental capacity but signed the LPA while you still had mental capacity, your attorney can register it for you. A power of attorney is a legal document that allows someone to make decisions for you, or act on your behalf, if you’re no longer able to or if you no longer want to make your own decisions. If you have a health and welfare LPA, you may sometimes consider “restraining” the person you’re looking after from doing something you think will harm them or others. A health and welfare LPA does not come into force until the donor has lost the capacity to make decisions for themselves.

There are many benefits of having an LPA in place – some of these are listed below. A family member or friend can apply to be your deputy, or a professional may be appointed. If you don’t make an LPA, and later become unable to make certain decisions for yourself, there may come a time when no one can legally make those decisions for you.

Raise your concerns with the Office of the Public Guardian, which has responsibility for monitoring attorneys and deputies and can investigate allegations of mistreatment or fraud. It can report concerns to another agency, such as the police or social services, if appropriate. There are different types of power of attorney and you can set up more than one.

  • The disadvantage, is that the whole power of attorney comes to an end if one attorney dies or becomes mentally incapable.
  • You also need to know whether someone still has mental capacity to help you work out when to register a personal welfare LPA or an enduring power of attorney – see under heading Enduring power of attorney.
  • Shipping lawyers deal with the carriage of goods or people by sea, plus any and every matter related to the financing, construction, use, insurance and decommissioning of the ships that carry them.
  • Making an LPA now will make things easier for the people close to you in the future.

Once you have given this notice, you can apply to register the EPA on form EP2PG to the Office of the Public Guardian. There is a registration fee, although some people won’t have to pay it. You can find out the latest information about fees from the Ministry of Justice website at You can make a lasting power of attorney in case you lose your mental capacity.

Choose your location

If the money is paid into a post office card account and needs to be regularly collected by someone else, contact the post office and ask about arranging for someone else to collect it. Someone who regularly collects benefit for someone else is often called an agent. England and Wales is, and will remain, a global legal centre open to practitioners from all jurisdictions; the UK’s exit from the EU has not changed this. It can be reassuring to know that, if you are unable to make a decision for yourself in the future, someone you have chosen and trust will make that decision for you. A deputy must also do some other tasks, such as paying an annual fee and submitting an annual report.

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A Lasting power of attorney is a legal tool that lets you choose someone you trust to make decisions for you. This person is referred to as your ‘attorney’, and you can choose what decisions they can make for you. This is someone who confirms that you understand it and haven’t been put under any pressure to sign it. The certificate provider must be someone you know well or a professional person such as a doctor, social worker or solicitor.